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Effective Microorganisms

Photographs (click on caption to see image) :

Bokashi being prepared. Bokashi is a high quality, multipurpose preparation made using EM solutions

Effective Microorganisms (EM) originated in Japan in the 1980s. Its originator or developer was Prof Teruo Higa. As the name suggests, it makes use of microorganisms, mainly lactic acid bacteria, photosynthetic bacteria, yeast, filamentous fungi and ray fungi. These microorganisms are both aerobic and anaerobic and are not genetically-modified.

EM, like Biodynamics can be useful in many different ways on the farm, including improving soil health, as a pest repellent and prophylactic, in composting, and in animal feeds, animal health and hygiene, aquaculture, etc. Different EM cultures are used for agriculture, animal husbandry, aquaculture and for environmental protection.

EM concentrates are available as ready cultures known as EM 1 Stock Solution that have to be diluted and used. Supplies of the same are available from our Administrative Office - please write to admin-office@satavic.org to know more.

We offer training and consultancy services on effective microorganisms. To know more, please read the sections on  consultancy and training and specialised areas of consultancy and training.

Click here to read about other techniques, practices and specialised forms of organic farming.

You may also like to read on this website :

Organic farming and you

Organic food

Organic farming in India

About Monsanto

Myths and fallacies about organic farming

On the effects of chemical farming :

18 ways how "modern" farming affects our world

The REAL effect of pesticides

Pesticides in your food (and water)

For general information on organic farming, click here

For information on other issues related to organic farming, click here

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